Hazard Assessments / Hazard Awareness
The cornerstone of a Health and Safety Management System is the ability to identify all workplace hazards. By recognizing, identifying, assessing and controlling hazards, we can eliminate or reduce the possibility, frequency and severity of loss.
By Definition: Hazard – A dangerous object, event, behaviour or condition that can cause personal injury, property damage, and loss of containment or environmental impairment.
Types of hazards can be:
- Acts and Behaviours of People
Sources of hazards:
- Equipment and Materials
Hazards that may be present in the workplace are identified utilizing:
- Worksite and Pre-Job Hazard Assessments
- Job Safety Assessments
- Hazard Reports Generated by Personnel Onsite
- Inspections and Preventative Maintenance
- Incident/Accident Investigations and Records and Statistics, audit findings/recommendations
Hazardous conditions will be communicated to all personnel at risk of exposure prior to commencing work, through the use of orientations, job planning, pre-job (“tailgate”) and general safety meetings, memos and postings. Employers, workers and contractors must be aware of potential hazards at all times.
- Slips, trips, and falls
- Exposure to hazardous substances
- Exposure to noise
- Struck by objects
Hazard (Risk) Assessment and Control
Every task that needs to be performed, should only be performed after recognizing the hazards that exist. Control methods for each specific job hazard need to be put in place before doing the job.
Hazards identified during worksite, pre-job and job hazard assessments, hazard reports and inspections are then prioritized, and required controls determined and implemented according to the level of Risk associated with the hazard.
By Definition: Risk – the chance or probability of loss or undesirable consequences.
The first ranking estimates the severity of the problem if the potential incident/accident were to occur:
- Imminent Danger
- Not Applicable
The second ranking estimates the probability of an incident / accident occurring:
- Remote – Could occur at some point.
- Probable – Likely to occur eventually.
- Occasional – Likely to occur immediately or soon.
- Frequent – Environment or operations lead to regular incidents
With administrative and engineered controls based on recognized hazards, incidents can be avoided.
In order of preference, control measures are as follows:
1. Engineering Controls – These should be the first controls to be considered. Engineering controls reduce the risk of exposure to the hazard by reducing the likelihood that the hazard will be encountered in the work place. They include:
- Barriers or guards
- Ergonomic solutions
2. Administrative Controls – Administrative controls do not reduce the likelihood that the hazard will be encountered in the workplace, but are designed to reduce the effect of the hazard. They include:
- Job rotation
3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – This should be the control of last resort, as it does nothing to control the hazard, but focuses on reducing the effect of the hazard on the individual wearing the PPE. Personal Protective Equipment includes, but is not limited to:
- Hard hat
- Glasses or Goggles
- Fire retardant clothing
- Respiratory protection
- Hearing protection
Should a hazard be identified that is considered an emergency (dangerous to the health and safety of workers), all work must be stopped immediately. All work in progress must be safely shut down and the worker shall vacate the area immediately.
On site hazard hunts and hazard assessments must be performed daily.
Management of change is necessary with changes of equipment or processes.
CSI recognizes “The Right to Refuse”
CSI works onsite with all supervisors to identify all hazards and put control methods in place.
CSI practices emergency drills and procedures to recognize potential hazards / controls in case of emergencies.
CSI’s will perform regular inspections and create action logs to remove hazards from the worksite.